Using a Debugger
There are two ways to debug a program. The first is to start the program with the debugger. When you start the program and it is loaded into memory, it stops running immediately prior to the execution of its entry point. At this point, you have complete control of the program.
You can also attach a debugger to a program that is already running. All the program’s threads are paused, and you can debug it. This is a good approach when you want to debug a program after it has been running or if you want to debug a process that is affected by malware.
The simplest thing you can do with a debugger is to single-step through a program, which means that you run a single instruction and then return control to the debugger. ...