A Little Bit of OO Theory

Classes and objects are two of programming’s power tools. They let good programmers do a lot in very little time, but with them, bad programmers can create a real mess. This section will introduce some underlying theory that will help you design reliable, reusable object-oriented software.

Encapsulation

To encapsulate something means to enclose it in some kind of container. In programming, encapsulation means keeping data and the code that uses it in one place and hiding the details of exactly how they work together. For example, each instance of class file keeps track of what file on the disk it is reading or writing and where it currently is in that file. The class hides the details of how this is done so that programmers ...

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