Specifying Project
Settings
For the vast majority of users, the default
preset specifies the most appropriate set-
tings. However, you might set a different
default if you arent using the dominant
video standard for your region (see the side-
bar “NTSC or PAL”). And although most
folks shoot video in the standard format
(4:3 aspect ratio), some cameras shoot in
a widescreen format (16:9 aspect ratio). In
these instances, go to the Setup dialog box
to change the default preset.
You can also create your own setting presets,
but because Premiere Elements is designed
to work with DV projects, your choices are
limited. Except for the video standard (NTSC
or PAL) and the image aspect ratio (standard
4:3, or widescreen 16:9), you aren’t permitted
to set the fundamental characteristics of the
video and audio—which could deviate from
the DV standard.
Even so, you might want to create a preset
that varies more superficial settings—such
as the way video and audio frame rates are
displayed, the title and action safe zones, or
the initial number of video and audio tracks
in the projects timeline. However, because
you can change these options at any time,
this book covers those options in the appro-
priate sections in later chapters.
43
Starting a Project
Specifying Project Settings
Audio Sample Rates
Analog signals are described by a contin-
uous fluctuation of voltage. An analog
signal is converted to a digital signal by
being measured periodically, or sampled.
If you think of the original audio as a
curve, the digital audio would look like
a connect-the-dots version of that curve.
The more dots (samples) you have, the
more accurately you can reproduce the
original curve. Therefore, an audio sample
rate describes the number of times audio
is sampled in a given period of time in
order to re-create the original sound.
Audio sample rates are expressed in hertz
(Hz), a measure of frequency equal to one
cycle per second. Its often more conven-
ient to express frequency in kilohertz
(kHz), or 1,000 cycles per second.
DV cameras record audio at 32 kHz or
48 kHz or give you a choice between the
two audio sample rates. Even if your foot-
age was recorded at 32 kHz, Premiere
Elements upsamples (converts it to a
higher sample rate) and processes it at
48 kHz. You can create your own project
preset, but you still aren’t permitted to
change a project’s audio sample rate.
Don’t worry—your audio is compatible,
and the processing shouldnt cause qual-
ity or playback problems.
To save a preset as the default:
1.
In the welcome screen, click Setup
(Figure 2.23).
The Setup dialog box opens.
2.
Select the preset you want to save as
the default.
3.
Click the Save as Default button
(Figure 2.24).
The settings specified by the selected
preset are applied to all new projects.
Tips
You can also access an open project’s
settings by choosing Project > Project
Settings > General. Doing so won’t allow
you to change the fundamental aspects
of the project, such as how it processes
video and audio. However, it does let
you change how video and audio are
displayed.
Premiere Elements captures and processes
video in the DV format in order to take
advantage of the quality, efficiency, and
simplified workflow DV offers. When
you output your edited project, however,
Premiere Elements can export to a DV
tape or recompress the footage to another
format—most notably, a format compati-
ble for burning to a DVD.
Figure 2.24 Select the preset you want, and click the
Save as Default button.
Figure 2.23 To specify the default project preset, click
the Setup button in the welcome screen.
44
Chapter 2
Specifying Project Settings

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