Educators distinguish between distributed learning and massed learning. Distributed learning, occurring over time, is the more efficient method because it allows for absorption and understanding. Distributed learning is a synonym for Spaced Learning; massed learning is a synonym for cramming.
Every schoolboy and schoolgirl in America has heard the story about how Abraham Lincoln wrote the Gettysburg Address on the back of an envelope. The implication is that he dashed off the classic speech with little or no advance preparation.
There are several variations of this tale. In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Lincoln at Gettysburg, Garry Wills describes several other lesser known versions of the same story that have Lincoln “considering ...