First, let's take a look at the most basic symbols that are used in the mathematical process as well as some more subtle notations used by data scientists.
A vector is defined as an object with both magnitude and direction. This definition, however, is a bit complicated for our use. For our purpose, a vector is simply a 1-dimensional array representing a series of numbers. Put in another way, a vector is a list of numbers.
It is generally represented using an arrow or bold font, as shown:
Vectors are broken into components, which are individual members of the vector. We use index notations to denote ...