How do we obtain and sample data?

If statistics is about taking samples of populations, it must be very important to know how we obtain these samples, and you'd be correct. Let's focus on just a few of the many ways of obtaining and sampling data.

Obtaining data

There are two main ways of collecting data for our analysis: observational and experimentation. Both these ways have their pros and cons, of course. They each produce different types of behavior and, therefore, warrant different types of analysis.


We might obtain data through observational means, which consists of measuring specific characteristics but not attempting to modify the subjects being studied. For example, you have a tracking software on your website that observes ...

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