Printed polymer solar cells
M. Helgesen, M. Jørgensen, T.D. Nielsen and F.C. Krebs, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
This chapter describes the constitution of the polymer solar cell with general focus on upscaling, large-scale industrial manufacture and demonstration of the technology. Initially, the classical device architecture and function of the polymer solar cell are described and the upscaling to large area production, with aims and limitations, is discussed. Secondly, a brief overview of different printing and coating techniques, relevant to the manufacturing of polymer solar cells, is given with examples of some of the best-described routes to ‘all printed and coated’ industrially manufactured polymer solar ...