Chapter 3. Android

The Android operating system is released under the open source Apache License and is built on Linux kernel version 2.6. Android is a project of the Open Handset Alliance (OHA). Founded by Google, OHA is an association that includes 65 hardware/software companies and operators, such as KDDI, NTT DoCoMo, Sprint Nextel, Telefónica, Dell, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Samsung, LG, T-Mobile, and Nvidia.

The first Android phone, T-Mobile G1 (also marketed as HTC Dream), was released in October 2008, followed by the release of 12 additional android phones in 2009. There are now dozens of Android mobile devices, including both phones and tablets. In addition to the natural fragmentation of screen size, capabilities, ...

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