Chapter 2. Introducing Spring

Spring is a Java framework that emerged to address many of the shortcomings present in the initial versions of the de facto Java platform targeting the enterprise market or server-side space: J2EE (Java 2 Enterprise Edition), today just Java EE. In this sense, Spring is a true grassroots movement that came about from two best practices books on this platform entitled J2EE Design and Development[5] and J2EE Development without EJB.[6]

To one of the authors of these books—Rod Johnson, who was Spring's lead architect—there were many complexities that needed to be addressed in order to embark on a server-side Java project using J2EE. Chief among these complexities was EJB (as implied by one of these titles), and the principles ...

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