3Applications and Activities and Fragments, Oh My!

APPLICATIONS, ACTIVITIES, AND FRAGMENTS

Android applications (or simply “apps”) are software programs that are installed and run natively on Android devices. To write high-quality applications, it’s important to understand the components they consist of, and how those components work together. This chapter introduces each of the application components, with special attention paid to Activities and Fragments—the visual components of your application.

In Chapter 2, “Getting Started,” you learned that each Android application runs in a separate process, in its own instance of the Android Run Time. In this chapter, you learn how the Android Run Time manages your application, and the impact this has on the application life cycle. An application’s state determines its priority that, in turn, affects the likelihood of its being terminated when the system requires more resources. You are also introduced to the Activity ...

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