8Files, Saving State, and User Preferences


This chapter introduces some of the simplest and most versatile data-persistence and file sharing techniques in Android: Shared Preferences, instance-state Bundles, local files, and the Storage Access Framework.

At a minimum, an Activity should save its user interface (UI) state before becoming inactive, to ensure the same UI is presented when the Activity restarts. It’s also likely that you’ll need to save user preferences and UI selections.

Android’s nondeterministic Activity and application lifetimes make persisting UI state and application data between sessions particularly important, because your application process may have been killed and restarted before it returns to the foreground.

We will explore mechanisms ...

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