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Professional ASP.NET 3.5 Security, Membership, and Role Management with C# and VB by Stefan Schackow, Bilal Haidar

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8.7. Session ID Reuse and Expired Sessions

Many of these weaknesses revolve around the ability for a URL with a session identifier to be reused by someone other than the original intended recipient of the identifier. Because the session state feature doesn't have the concept of an absolute expiration, as long as someone (or some user agent) continues to access a site with a valid session identifier, the underlying data will be kept alive. This behavior is more of a problem with cookieless session state, though.

Any browser, caching server, proxy server, and so on that keeps URLs lying around in a cache results in potentially long-term storage of URLs with embedded session identifiers. This is a much less likely problem in the cookied case because most user agents and caching software ignore session-based cookies. (The browser isn't going to keep a history of your session-based session cookie for the next 30 days.)

On the other hand, it is almost guaranteed that between the possibility of accidentally leaking session identifiers and the long-lived storage of URLs through various caching mechanisms, someone will eventually return to a site and replay a cookieless session identifier. The most likely scenario is one where the user that was originally issued the identifier comes back to the site through some kind of shortcut. You only need to use the Internet Explorer history feature to see what I mean. Or a site with cookieless sessions all URLs with the embedded session identifier ...

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