Chapter 16

imageAdditional Library Utilities


  • How you can use std::function for function pointers
  • How to work with compile time rational numbers
  • How to work with time
  • How to generate random numbers
  • What tuples are and how to use them

C++11 adds a lot more functionality to the C++ standard library not described in previous chapters. These additional library features are combined and explained in this chapter because they don’t fit anywhere else.


std::function, defined in the <functional> header file, can be used to create a type that can point to a function, a function object, or a lambda expression; basically anything that is callable. It can be used as a function pointer or as a parameter for a function to implement callbacks. The template parameters for the std::function template look a bit different than most template parameters. Its syntax is as follows:


R is the return value type of the function and ArgTypes is a comma-separated list of argument types for the function.

The following example demonstrates how to use std::function to implement a function pointer. It creates a function pointer f1 to point to the function func(). Once f1 is defined, you can call func() by using the name func or f1:

void func(int num, ...

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