Developers of business applications might be a bit wary of becoming an expert in styling. Windows Forms had no such capability, and web applications often have specialists that do the styling.
However, styles in XAML are quite a bit more flexible than styles in earlier technologies, and address functionality that's not strictly cosmetic. That means developers need to understand styles, too.
What Is a Style?
At the most basic level, a Style in XAML is simply a way to set several property values for an element at one time. In syntactical terms, a Style is a collection of Setter objects, and each Setter object knows how to set a particular property to a particular value.
Here is a simple Style for a Button element (code file: SimpleStyle.xaml):
<Style x:Key="ButtonStyle" TargetType="Button"> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="4" /> <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="22"/> <Setter Property="FontStyle" Value="Italic" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" > <Setter.Value> <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.8,0.8" StartPoint="0.2,0.2"> <GradientStop Color="DarkBlue" Offset="0"/> <GradientStop Color="ForestGreen" Offset="1"/> </LinearGradientBrush> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style>
In this case, the Style is declared as a resource, and so has an x:Key attribute. That's the common case. There are a few scenarios where a Style is not used as a resource, and in fact you will see one a bit further on. However, normally the power of a Style is to apply it widely through much or all of an application, ...