Theoretical Foundation1

Traditional professions such as law, medicine, accounting and engineering evolved out of the respect and recognition for the social benefit bestowed by members of such vocations. Usually the title of profession was bestowed upon such occupations by the local government through an act of law. These professions acquired the right to monitor admittance, set standards of conduct and enforce them.

In some jurisdictions, such as Italy, the professionalization of occupations has been prolific, and the political power of professional societies is immense. Professional societies encompass a wide range of occupations ranging from chemists to veterinarians, and ski instructors to dance instructors. The objectives of all ...

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