Basic principles of amniotic fluid and placenta stem cells
A. Atala, Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, USA
Human amniotic fluid has been used in prenatal diagnosis for more than 70 years. It has proven to be a safe, reliable, and simple screening tool for a wide variety of developmental and genetic diseases. However, there is now evidence that amniotic fluid may be more than just a diagnostic tool – it may be the source of a powerful therapy for a multitude of congenital and adult disorders. A subset of cells found in the amniotic fluid and placenta appears to be capable of maintaining prolonged undifferentiated proliferation. In addition, these cells can also differentiate into multiple tissue types that encompass ...