2 Input-output devices
This chapter is a brief consideration of typical input and output devices used with PLCs. The input devices considered include digital and analogue devices such as mechanical switches for position detection, proximity switches, photoelectric switches, encoders, temperature and pressure switches, potentiometers, linear variable differential transformers, strain gauges, thermistors, thermotransistors and thermocouples. Output devices considered include relays, contactors, solenoid valves and motors.
2.1 Input devices
The term sensor is used for an input device that provides a usable output in response to a specified physical input. For example, a thermocouple is a sensor which converts a temperature difference into an electrical ...