In addition to being
able to reference the currently active map document file in ArcMap, you can also access map document files stored on a local or remote drive using the
MapDocument() method. In this recipe, you'll learn how to access these map documents.
As I mentioned earlier, you can also reference a map document file that resides somewhere on your computer or a shared server. This is done simply by providing a path to the file. This is a more versatile way of obtaining a reference to a map document because it can be run outside the ArcGIS Python window or a custom script tool.
Follow these steps to learn how to access a map document stored on a local or remote drive: