Multicasting

At times, it is desirable to call two (or more) implementing methods through a single delegate. This becomes particularly important when handling events (discussed later in this chapter).

The goal is to have a single delegate that invokes more than one method. This is different from having a collection of delegates, each of which invokes a single method. In the previous example, the collection was used to order the various delegates. It was possible to add a single delegate to the collection more than once, and to use the collection to reorder the delegates to control their order of invocation.

With multicasting, you create a single delegate that will call multiple encapsulated methods. For example, when a button is pressed, you might want to take more than one action. You could implement this by giving the button a collection of delegates, but it is cleaner and easier to create a single multicast delegate.

Two delegates can be combined with the addition operator (+). The result is a new multicast delegate that invokes both of the original implementing methods. For example, assuming Writer and Logger are delegates, the following line will combine them and produce a new multicast delegate named myMulticastDelegate:

myMulticastDelegate = Writer + Logger;

You can add delegates to a multicast delegate using the plus-equals (+=) operator. This operator adds the delegate on the right side of the operator to the multicast delegate on the left. For example, assuming Transmitter ...

Get Programming C#, Third Edition now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.