197
a, or an, 191n
abbreviations
of address, period after, 138
of decade, apostrophe for, 88
and formality, 139–140
introducing, 149
parentheses to introduce, 127
period with, 136–137
plural of, 87
slash in, 156
Accordingly, comma after, 61
acronyms, parentheses to introduce, 127
address, period after abbreviations, 138
adjectives
comma to separate, 68–72, 99
comparative or superlative, 194n
compound, hyphen and, 124–125
foreign phrases as, 124
in lists, 176
order of, 70–71
ratio as, 192n
adverbs
ending in -ly, and hyphenation, 123–124
in lists, 176
see also conjunctive adverb
after, 11
again, 168
also, 168
although, 11, 13, 159
a.m., 78, 140
American Psychological Association
publication manual (APA Manual), 192n,
194n
ampersand (&), 30
an, or a, 191n
and, 13, 171
comma for, 102, 113
to connect independent clauses, 167
“and” test, for coordinate adjectives, 69
and/or, 157–158
anyway, 169
AP Stylebook, 137
see also Associated Press Stylebook
APA Manual (Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association), 192n,
194n
apostrophe (‘), 83–88
as single quotation mark, 144
appositives, 110
as, 13, 195n
to connect independent clauses, 167
Associated Press Stylebook, 195–196n
see also AP Stylebook
attribution, for quote of entire sentence, 147
Barthelme, Donald, 5
because, 11, 13, 160–162
before, 11
Benbow, John, 76
besides, 169
books, titles of, 143
brackets, 89–95, 129
British English, which for restrictive
expression, 56
bullets for lists, 180, 181, 186–187, 195n
vs. numbers, 185
vs. semicolons, 154–155
but, 13
comma for, 102, 113
to connect independent clauses, 167
capitalized nouns, hyphen to join prefix to,
121
certainly, 169
Chicago Manual of Style, 137, 194n
Churchill, Winston, 5
cities, slash to indicate two as unit, 156
clause
defined, 11–12
see also dependent clauses; independent
clauses
closing quotation marks, comma inside, 111
colon (:), 95–98
between independent clauses, 164
placement with parentheses, 134–135
and quotation marks, 146
Index

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