Bagging is an ensemble learning technique that is closely related to the
MajorityVoteClassifier that we implemented in the previous section. However, instead of using the same training set to fit the individual classifiers in the ensemble, we draw bootstrap samples (random samples with replacement) from the initial training set, which is why bagging is also known as bootstrap aggregating.
The concept of bagging is summarized in the following diagram:
In the following subsections, we will work through a simple example of bagging by hand and use scikit-learn for classifying wine samples. ...