Chapter 2: Quantum Bits, Quantum Measurements, and Quantum Logic Gates

In this chapter, we will learn about the fundamentals of quantum computing, which will be useful in the subsequent chapters when we start coding these aspects. Here, we will be focusing primarily on quantum bits, quantum states, and quantum logic gates. This will give you the mathematical foundations of quantum computing and give you the necessary clarity on the difference between classical and quantum bits, superposition, and the description of quantum logic gates. We will cover the following topics:

  • Introduction to single quantum bits – qubits and superposition of qubits
  • Illustrating qubits in different bases and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits
  • Introducing quantum ...

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