Interference, Diffraction, Refraction, and Reflection via the Dirac Notation

5.1    Introduction

In this chapter we use the generalized 1D interferometric equation to introduce the concepts of diffraction, refraction, and reflection, cohesively and unified in that order. Thus, we have an equation derived using the probabilistic concept of single-photon propagation, via the Dirac quantum notation, explaining in a unified manner the major concepts of classical optics.

In the original exposition of this united and cohesive approach to optics (Duarte, 1997, 2003), only positive refraction was considered. Here, both, positive and negative refraction, are incorporated (Duarte, 2006). Subsequently, the brief exposition of generalized prismatic ...

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