Displaying the data density on axes

In this recipe, we will learn how to show the density of data points on a scatter plot in the margin of the X or Y axes.

Getting ready

For this recipe, we don't need to load any additional libraries.

How to do it...

We will use the rug() function in the base graphics library. As a simple example to illustrate the use of this function, let's see the data density of a normal distribution:

x<-rnorm(1000)
plot(density(x))
rug(x)
How to do it...

How it works...

As can be seen from this example, the rug() function adds a set of lines just above the x-axis. A line or tick mark is placed wherever there is a point at that particular X location. ...

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