Analysis with unsanitized data
Very often, there will be errors or mistakes in data that can severely complicate analyses—especially with public data or data outside of your organization. For example, say there is a stray comma or punctuation mark in a column that was supposed to be
numeric. If we aren't careful, R will read this column as
character, and subsequent analysis may, in the best case scenario, fail; it is also possible, however, that our analysis will silently chug along, and return an unexpected result. This will happen, for example, if we try to perform linear regression using the punctuation-containing-but-otherwise-numeric column as a predictor, which will compel R to convert it into a
factor thinking that it is a categorical variable. ...