Blacks Leading Whites
How Mutual and Dual (Ingroup and Outgroup) Identification Affect Inequality
LUMUMBA SEEGARS and LAKSHMI RAMARAJAN
All my skinfolk ain’t kinfolk.
—Zora Neale Hurston
As Hurston’s quotation suggests, just because one is Black does not mean that he or she also identifies with other Black people. In this chapter, we bring this phrase into dialogue with conversations about Black leadership and attempt to move these conversations beyond simply creating more Black leaders. Specifically, we take seriously the premise that Black representation in leadership positions is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for advancing the welfare of Black people and, in particular, challenging the inequality that results from racial ...