Forces Driving Change
Although new technologies such as the Web, Wireless Access Protocol (WAP), and Java play a part in the need for new project management models, the major forces are not technological. They are:
Driving Force 1—A power shift;
Driving Force 2—The free agent army; and
Driving Force 3—The global e-economy.
Driving Force 1—A Power Shift
Our group first documented this phenomenon more than 10 years ago (see our Web site). The use and abuse of expert power by computer people have resulted in a major shift in the control of Information Technology (IT) and other expert project groups back into the business areas.
 Although we focus on computer and IT people here, the same patterns exist for other expert areas such as architecture, ...