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A capacitance bridge

Introduction

It is always valuable to have a means of measuring capacitors amongst your test gear. Universal LCR bridges (i.e. systems that can measure inductance, capacitance and resistance) can be found at most rallies, and you can work your way up to owning one of these. In the meantime, a piece of home-made equipment gives you experience as well as resulting in a useful measuring instrument.

The circuit described here is called a capacitance bridge, because it balances the effects of one resistor/capacitor pair against another; if one capacitor has an unknown value, then the other can be calculated. The basic bridge circuit is shown in Figure 1. To avoid having calculations to perform, this instrument will be calibrated ...

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