O'Reilly logo

Radio Propagation and Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communication Networks, 2nd Edition by Christos G. Christodoulou, Nathan Blaunstein

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

CHAPTER TWELVEEffects of the Troposphere on Radio Propagation

Tropospheric effects involve interactions between radio waves and the lower layer of the Earth's atmosphere, embracing altitudes from the ground surface up to several tens of kilometers above the Earth, including effects of the gases composing the air and hydrometeors such as rain, clouds, fog, pollutions, as well as various turbulent structures created by turbulent wind streams, both in vertical and horizontal directions, gradient of temperature, moisture, and pressure in layered atmosphere at the near-the-earth altitudes.

12.1.  Main Propagation Effects of the Troposphere as a Spherical Layered Gaseous Continuum

12.1.1.  Model of the Troposphere and Main Tropospheric Processes

Troposhere is a region of the Earth's lower atmosphere that surrounds the Earth from the ground surface up to 10–20 km above the terrain, where it continuously spreads to the stratosphere (20–50 km), and then to the thermosphere, usually called ionosphere (50–400 km). The effects of the latter on radio propagation will be presented in the next chapter. Here, we will focus on the effects of the troposphere on radiowave propagation, starting with a definition of the troposphere as a natural layered air medium consisting of different gaseous, liquid, and crystal structures.

The physical properties of the troposphere is characterized by the following main parameters such as temperature, T (in Kelvin), pressure, p (in millibars or in millimeters of ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required