Bagging and boosting
Bagging and boosting are two techniques used to combine learners. These techniques are classified under the generic name of ensembles (or meta-algorithm) because the ultimate goal is actually to ensemble weak learners to create a more sophisticated, but more accurate, model. There is no formal definition of a weak learner, but ideally it's a fast, sometimes linear model that not necessarily produces excellent results (it suffices that they are just better than a random guess). The final ensemble is typically a non-linear learner whose performance increases with the number of weak learners in the model (note that the relation is strictly non-linear). Let's now see how they work.
Bagging stands for Bootstrap Aggregating ...