Chapter 21. Major Incident Legislation
21.1. History of Major Incidents
Since the 1960s developments in the process industries have resulted in large quantities of noxious and flammable substances being stored and transmitted in locations that could, in the event of failure, affect the public. Society has become increasingly aware of these hazards as a result of major incidents that involved both process plant and public transport such as:
|Aberfan (UK)||1966||144 deaths due to collapse of a coalmine waste tip|
|Flixborough (UK)||1974||28 deaths due to an explosion resulting from the stress failure of a temporary reactor by-pass, leading to an escape of cyclohexane|
|Beek (Netherlands)||1975||14 deaths due to propylene|
|Seveso (Italy)||1976||Unknown number of casualties ...|
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