image

where the square bracket denotes integer truncation.

The other wind-power average used in the regulation of the utility system is the average wind energy production in the previous 4 h, A4, which is used every hour in conjunction with the expected load for the following hour to make a trial estimate of the required number of intermediate-load units, ninttrial,image

ninttrial=integer(EavC1C2(t+1h)A40.1Eav)nbase+2,

image

where the operation “integer” ...

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