The ability to measure is the foundation of empirically based science. Observation is the process through which we study and understand phenomena, whereas measurement is the process of turning observations into comparable quantities. What you measure, how you measure it, and what information can be extracted from those measurements are critical questions that must be answered when executing research.
Cyber security is unique in that most of the sensors available were not developed for scientific exploration. Instead, most sensors in cyber space were developed for operational uses, and thus are designed for usability, efficiency, and cost rather than scientific coverage and fidelity.
This chapter will discuss ...