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GROUPS AND TEAMS INORGANIZATIONS

Studying the Multilevel Dynamicsof Emergence

Steve W. J. Kozlowski

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

One of the biggest challenges of conducting insightful, informative, and impactful research on groups is effectively dealing with the multiple levels that comprise group phenomena. That is, group phenomena entail multiple levels of theory and constructs, measurement, and data analysis. What are you talking about, you may say. I want to study groups, that is the level I'm interested in, why should I care about other levels? My answer is, because the world is complex. Even the most “bare-bones” group situations entail a minimum of three levels: group (i.e., between group), individual (i.e., person within group), and time ...

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