Transmitter and Oscillator Systems


A transmitter is an important subsystem in a wireless system. In any active wireless system, a signal will be generated and transmitted through an antenna. The signal’s generating system is called a transmitter. The specifications for a transmitter depend on the applications. For long-distance transmission, high power and low noise are important. For space or battery operating systems, high efficiency is essential. For communication systems, low noise and good stability are required. A transmitter can be combined with a receiver to form a transceiver. In this case, a duplexer is used to separate the transmitting and receiving signals. The duplexer could be a switch, a circulator, or a diplexer, as described in Chapter 4.

A transmitter generally consists of an oscillator, a modulator, an upconverter, filters, and power amplifiers. A simple transmitter could have only an oscillator, and a complicated one would include a phase-locked oscillator or synthesizer and the above components. Figure 6.1 shows a typical transmitter block diagram. The information will modulate the oscillator through AM, FM, phase modulation (PM), or digital modulation. The output signal could be unconverted to a higher frequency. The power amplifiers are used to increase the output power before it is transmitted by an antenna. To have a low phase noise, the oscillator or local oscillator can be phase locked to a low-frequency crystal ...

Get RF and Microwave Wireless Systems now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.