A system must be managed. It is management’s job to direct the efforts of all components toward the aim of a system.

—W. Edwards Deming


Epics are containers for significant initiatives that help guide value streams toward the larger aim of the portfolio. In so doing, they drive much of the economic value for the enterprise. Epics are large and typically crosscutting, crossing multiple Value Streams and Agile Release Trains (ARTs). They are investment intensive and far ranging in impact; formulation and analysis of cost, impact, and opportunity is a serious matter. To this end, Epics require a lightweight business case and financial ...

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