Other Launch Safety Hazards∗
Jerry Haber, Jon Chrostowski and Randy Nyman
5.1 Toxic Hazards
Toxic Risk Analysis
Toxic hazards associated with rocket launch operations are due primarily to combustion or vaporization of propellants used in the booster or payload. Over the history of sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicle development, many energetic chemicals have been tested for potential use as rocket propellants. Although some exotic propellant chemicals may occasionally be encountered, the vast majority of space launch vehicles in the current international inventory use a relatively small range of propellant types. ...