Java handles access to external data via the use of a class of objects called streams. A stream is an object that carries data from one place to another. Some streams carry information from a source into a Java program. Others go the opposite direction and take data from a program to a destination.
A stream that reads a Web page's data into an array in a Java program is an example of the former. A stream that writes a String array to a disk file is an example of the latter.
Two types of streams were introduced during Day 17, "Handling Data Through Java Streams."
Byte streams, which read and write a series of integer values ranging from 0 to 255
Character streams, which read and write textual data
These streams separate the ...