Variable Scope

A variable declared within a function remains local to that function. In other words, it will not be available outside the function or within other functions. In larger projects, this can save you from accidentally overwriting the contents of a variable when you declare two variables of the same name in separate functions.

Listing 6.6 creates a variable within a function and then attempts to print it outside the function.

Listing 6.6. Variable Scope: A Variable Declared Within a Function Is Unavailable Outside the Function
 1: <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC
 2:    "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
 3:    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
 4: <html>
 5: <head>
 6: <title>Listing 6.6 Local Variable Unavailable Outside a Function</title> ...

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