Present-day TCP/IP networking represents the synthesis of two developments that began in the 1970s and have subsequently revolutionized the world of computing:
The local area network
TCP/IP’s design is a result of its historical role as the protocol system for what was to become the Internet. The Internet, like so many other high-tech developments, grew from research originally performed by the United States Department of Defense. In the late 1960s, Defense Department officials began to notice that the military was accumulating a large and diverse collection of computers. Some of those computers weren’t networked, and others were grouped in small, closed networks with incompatible proprietary ...