CHAPTER 1

Background

Manufacturing is a vital sector of a modern economy and is crucial for national defense and security. Government policies that create a level playing field and enhance global competitiveness of American industry provide the foundation for rebuilding American manufacturing, creating jobs, and securing our nation.

Since 1990, the United States has lost one in every three manufacturing jobs. U.S. employment in manufacturing in 1990 was 17,695,000. By 2011, the number of Americans employed in manufacturing had dropped to 11,734,000—a stunning loss of roughly six million jobs, a 34 percent drop in manufacturing jobs (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014a). The decline of the U.S. manufacturing industry has been severe and its impact ...

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