Partial functions

In the previous chapter, we looked at partially applied functions. We left one or more arguments unspecified, and as a result, we got another function. There are partially applied functions and there are partial functions. So, what do we mean by the term partial functions? It simply means that such a function is not defined for some values. Let's try the following example of a partial function:

scala> val f = (x: Int, y: Int) => x / y
f: (Int, Int) => Int = <function2>

scala> f(12, 3)
res0: Int = 4

scala> f(12, 0)
java.lang.ArithmeticException: / by zero
  at $anonfun$1.apply$mcIII$sp(<console>:10)
  ... 33 elided

Here, we have a function that takes two integer parameters, x and y. It divides x by y. When we pass 0 as the value ...

Get Scala Functional Programming Patterns now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.