The Basics of Lighting
Once the sets have been designed and built and are onstage, the next step is the lighting. Often this is one area where little time is spent to create the final mood. Months may have been devoted to building the set, but the lighting is often an afterthought and the process rushed through. Lighting is like the paint that is applied to a new car off the assembly line. No one wants a vehicle that isn't finished (without paint), and that “paint” is the signature that completes the vehicle. You are essentially doing the same thing when lighting your set. You are adding the last coat of paint to the scene and creating the final product.
Lighting not only illuminates the set but also allows you to create a mood, time, ...