CHAPTER 3

Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science: A Nation's Dream, 1869–1947

Arun Kumar Biswas

The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Calcutta, is not merely one of the many ‘associations for the cultivation of science’ in India. Founded in 1876 by Dr Mahendralal Sircar (1833–1904), it was not just the first scientific institution in modern India and the first to produce a Nobel Laureate in science (C.V. Raman, 1930) in Asia. It is much more: it was a nation's dream, which was dreamt when even the concept of ‘nation’ was ‘in the making’, to borrow the phrase used by the celebrated author-patriot Surendranath Banerjee.1 It was thus that the vision of Raja Rammohun Roy2 about the future of India's scientific ...

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