1. For India, a landmark study was Deepak Kumar, Science and the Raj: 1857-1905.
2. Ray Desmond, The European Discovery of the Indian Flora, pp. 57–60, 61–105; Abhijit Mukhopadhyay, ‘Natural Science in Colonial Context: The Calcutta Botanical Garden and the Agri-Horticultural Society of India, 1787–1870’.
3. Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820): Naturalist and botanist.
4. This developmental conception of science was adumbrated by Basalla and subsequently refined in the work of Roy MacLeod, among others. See George Basalla, ‘The Spread of Western Science’; and Roy MacLeod, ‘On Visiting the “Moving Metropolis”: Reflections on the Architecture of Imperial Science’. For a recent historiographical review, see Mark Harrison, ‘Science and the ...