CHAPTER 23

The St. Xavier's College of Calcutta and the Jesuit Science Movement, 1860–1947

Arun Kumar Biswas

The St. Xavier's College (SXC) of Calcutta was founded by the Belgian Jesuits in 1860. This chapter is primarily focused on the science movement initiated by the college and in the city under the guidance of the renowned Jesuit monk Eugene Lafont1 and his colleagues during the period 1860 to 1908. The first part of this chapter will be a brief historical narrative of the Jesuit movement in education and science with particular reference to India, and the second part will focus on the work of Father Lafont and his colleagues. The third part will cover the period after the demise of Father Lafont, when the Jesuit college continued to ...

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