Banaras Hindu University and Science in India, 1916–47

T.V. Ramakrishnan*

Modern science took root in nineteenth-century India with heroic contributions from many individuals exemplifying it in spirit and action. The setting up of institutions that naturally foster science began at about the same time; a well-known example is the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, founded in 1876 in Calcutta (now Kolkata) by Mahendra Lal Sircar,1 a physician and philanthropist. The Banaras Hindu University, founded in 1916, owes its unique position in the development of Indian science as well as in the movement towards political freedom, to the vision of its founder, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya,2 a lawyer and political and social ...

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