Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, 1784–1947

Uma Das Gupta

If we desire to live in this Earth, we have to hold on to the conscience and judgement that we have within ourselves, and make our way through life striking at the foundations of certain traditional systems. There is no other way to achieve our ends.1


Prafulla Chandra Ray, 1920

It is a futile task to consider the ‘ifs’ and possibilities of history. I feel sure that it was a good thing for India to come in contact with the scientific and industrial West. Science was the great gift of the West, and India lacked this, and without it she was doomed to decay. The manner of our contacts was unfortunate and yet, perhaps, only a succession of violent shocks could ...

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