Parameters and arguments

When defining a function, its input variables are called the parameters of the function. The input used when executing the function is called its argument.

Passing arguments - by position and by keyword

We will consider the previous example again, where the function takes two parameters, namely x1 and x2.

Their names serve to distinguish the two numbers, which in this case cannot be interchanged without altering the result. The first parameter defines the number from which the second parameter is subtracted. When subtract is called, every parameter is replaced by an argument. Only the order of the arguments matters; the arguments can be any objects. For instance, we may call the following:

z = 3 
e = subtract(5,z)

Besides this ...

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