The importance and utility of qualitative methods is increasingly being recognized in the field of second language research. This chapter begins with a discussion of the nature of qualitative research and how it differs from other approaches. Next, commonly used methods for gathering qualitative data are outlined, including case studies, ethnographies, interviews, observational techniques, verbal protocols, and diaries/journals. We conclude the chapter with a discussion of practical considerations in conducting and analyzing qualitative research, including issues such as credibility, transferability, dependability, triangulation, and quantification.
6.1. DEFINING QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
The term qualitative research ...